Thursday, February 13, 2014

0150 - 住[주] - 살다, 거주하다 - reside, live at, dwell, lodge; stop

The Story [이야기] :

  • This is a pictophonetic character.  "Person" 亻 suggests the meaning, while 主[주] suggests the sound.  Whenever a person 亻 takes up residence, she then becomes the lord 主 of the house.
  • Whenever a person 亻 takes up residence, she looks for a well-lit place and area 主.

Stroke Order [획순] :

New Vocabulary [새로운 단어] :

주민 [] - inhabitants; residents; dwellers
주소 [] - a dwelling (place); a residence; an abode; an address; a domicile
안주 [] - living in peace; peaceful living; a serene life; a comfortable life
안주하다 [하다] - live peacefully; lead a comfortable life; lead a peaceful living
입주하다 [하다] - move in; take possession of (a house)

 

Example Sentences [예문] :

이 시스템에 해킹해서 당신의 이름, 사용자, 이메일 번호, 그리고 록번호를 찾았다고 상상해 봐라.
Imagine that someone hacked into a system and found your name, usernames, e-mail addresses, phone numbers and resident registration numbers.

0149 - 主[주] - 임금 - master, chief owner; host; lord

The Story [이야기] :

  • A king 王 with the mandate from heaven ' is the lord of the palace.
  • This character shows the picture of a magic jade lamp 王 that is lit a small fire '.  The master/owner of the magical lamp 主 is Aladdin. 

Stroke Order [획순] :

New Vocabulary [새로운 단어] :

주로 [로] - mainly; chiefly; principally; primarily; in the main; generally; mostly; for the most part
주인 [] - the head [master] of a family; one's man; one's husband; the host; the hostess; the landlord; the landlady; the proprietor; an employer; the master; the owner (of goods)
주력 [] - the main force [strength, body]
자주 [] - independence; autonomy
주식 [] - the principal [staple] food; a staple article of food
주어 [] - the subject (of a sentence)
주교 [] - a prelate; a primate; a bishop; an archbishop; the principal religion
교주 [] - the founder of a religion
교주 [] - the proprietor [founder] of a school
물주 [] - (1) a financier; a financial backer; a moneylender; a finance agency [man], (2) the banker
민주 [] - democracy
천주 [] - the Lord of Heaven; God; the Creator
천주교 [] - Roman Catholicism
가구주 [] - a householder
주동 [] - motive power; leadership
주동하다 [하다] - take the lead [initiative]

 

Example Sentences [예문] :

조는 , 곤충, 작은 물고기, 올챙이를 으로 합니다.
Swans feed on water plants, insects, small fish, and tadpoles.

기사는 그 부유한  를 극에 로 데려다 주었다.
Their chauffeur drove the rich couple to the theatre.

이번 시위는 들이 이 되어 일어났다.
This demonstration began with the students taking the lead.

0148 - 植[식/치] - 심다 - plant, trees, plants; grow

The Story [이야기] :

  • This is a pictophonetic character.  "Tree" 木 suggests the meaning, while 直[직 → 식] suggests the sound.  If one plants trees properly, the trees 木 will grow vertically upright 直.
  • If the meaning is "to set something in its place", 치 is used.

Stroke Order [획순] :

New Vocabulary [새로운 단어] :

식목 [] - planting trees; forestation; tree planting
식목일 [] - tree-planting day; Arbor Day
식목하다 [하다] - plant trees; transplant trees
식물 [] - a plant; vegetation; plant [vegetable] life
식물학 [] - botany
동식물 [] - animals and plants; fauna and flora
자생식물 [] - native[wild, voluntary] plants
식물인간 [] - a human vegetable
식민 [] - colonization; settlement; a colonist; a settler
식민하다 [하다] - colonize; settle; plant a colony
식민지 [] - colony, settlement

 

Example Sentences [예문] :

4 5은 에서 이다.
April 5th is Arbor Day in Korea.

의사들은 그가 회복가능성이 없는  상태로 지속될 것이라고 말했다.
Doctors say she is in a continual vegetable-like state with no hope of recovery.

0147 - 休[휴/후] - 쉬다, 휴식하다 - rest, stop; retire; do not!

The Story [이야기] :

  • This character shows a person 亻 taking a rest beside/underneath a tree 木.
  • If the meaning is "to make something warm", 후 is used.


Stroke Order [획순] :

New Vocabulary [새로운 단어] :

휴일 [] - a holiday; an off-day; a rest day
휴지 [] - toilet paper; waste paper; paper scraps
휴전 [] - suspension of power supply
휴화산 [] - a dormant [an inactive, a sleeping] volcano
휴교 [] - (temporary) closure of a school; temporary cessation of study
휴교하다 [하다] - close (school) temporarily; cease study temporarily
휴학 [] - temporary absence from school; temporary rest from study
휴학하다 [하다] - absent oneself from school; temporarily stay away from school for a time
휴장 [] - (1) closure (of a theater), (2) absence (from the stage); nonappearance
휴장하다 [하다] - (1) be closed (for a month), (2) absent oneself [be absent] from (the stage)

 

Example Sentences [예문] :

부분의 들은 돈을 주머니에 넣고 다니며, 마치 나 다를 바 없다는 듯이 적절한 주의도 하지 않고 유통시킨다.
Most Koreans keep their money in their pockets and pass it around without duecare, as if it were little better than waste paper.

 때 하고 를 배우기 위해 잠 본, 경에 갔습니다.
I went to Tokyo, Japan to learn the language, leaving my college temporarily.

Wednesday, February 12, 2014

0146 - 紙[지] - 종이 - paper

The Story [이야기] :

  • This is a pictophonetic character.  "Silk" 糹 suggests the meaning, while 氏[씨 → 지] suggests the sound.  The character 氏 means "clan".  It is the picture of a girl statue which was made in honor for the first mother of the clan.  The common people 氏 write on paper/silk 糹 while the royal court write on bamboo ⺮.


Stroke Order [획순] :

New Vocabulary [새로운 단어] :

면지 [] - end paper; end leaf; the inside of a book cover
지면 [] - paper; space
지상 [] - (on) paper; (in the) newspaper
한지 [] - Korean paper
색지 [] - colored paper
외지 [] - a foreign newspaper; the foreign press
초지 [] - paper used in preparing a rough copy [draft]
편지 [便] - a letter; a note; an epistle; a communication; a billet; a favor
편지지 [便] - note paper, writing pad
백지 [] - (1) white paper; Korean paper made from mulberry fiber, (2) a clean [blank] sheet of paper, (3) a clean slate; a mind free from prejudice [preconception]
백상지 [] - wood-free paper

 

Example Sentences [예문] :

카르페이씨에게 보내는 便를 내가 가진 제 좋은 便에 다 타를 쳐라.
Type the letter to Mr. Kareupeyi on my finest stationery.

 있을 다음  에 운전 면허증과  표를 가져 오세요.
Bring your driver’s license and a blank check tomorrow to our next training session.

0145 - 問[문] - 묻다 - ask (about), inquire after

The Story [이야기] :

  • This is a pictophonetic character.  "Mouth" 口 suggests the meaning, while 門[문] suggests the sound.  One day, a beautiful mouth 口 visited the Queen's Castle and it was halted at the door 門 by the guards.  "What is your purpose here?", she was asked.  The mouth replied, "As you can see, I'm a mouth 口 and I'm here to ask some questions.  In particular, I want to inquire and ask what kind of lipstick the Queen is using." 

Stroke Order [획순] :

New Vocabulary [새로운 단어] :

학문 [] - learning; study; scholarship; knowledge; schooling; studies; scholastic pursuit; a science
문답 [] - questions and answers; a conversation; a dialogue
불문 [] - taking no notice; giving no heed
불문하다 [하다] - take no notice of; ignore; disregard
문안 [] - an inquiry after the health of (a person); sending kind regards
문안하다 [하다] - inquire after (a person); send kind regards; pay a visit of courtesy
자문 [] - question [ask] oneself
자문하다 [하다] - question [ask] oneself

 

Example Sentences [예문] :

 수안을 지지하는 사람들은 그 이유가 나라를 위한 것인지 신들을 위한 것인지 스스로에게 해 보아야 한다.
Those who support the revision plan of Sejong City should ask themselves whether the reasons are for the nation or for themselves.

어제 드리러 옛 님을 방하고 돌아왔어요.
Yesterday I visited my old teacher to pay my respects to him and returned home.

0144 - 算[산] - 셈 - count, calculate, figure; plan

The Story [이야기] :

  • This character shows the picture of a calculating device/tool 具 made from bamboo ⺮, similar to an abacus.
  • This character shows the picture of a calculating device/tool made from bamboo ⺮ and jade 目/玉, and two hands 廾 counting from one(1) to twenty(20).

Stroke Order [획순] :

New Vocabulary [새로운 단어] :

산수 [] - reckoning; calculation; arithmetic; mathematics
전산 [] - (electronic) data processing
심산 [] - intention; purpose; calculation; a design
산학 [] - arithmetic
산입 [] - inclusion; calculating
산입하다 [하다] - include in; count [reckon] in; take into account
산출 [] - calculation; computation; reckoning
산출하다 [하다] - calculate; compute; reckon; figure out

 

Example Sentences [예문] :

를 하면 더하기, 빼기, 곱하기, 나누기를 배운다.
When you study arithmetic you learn to add, subtract, multiply, and divide.

비 총액은 약 4 원으로 되었다.
The total cost of living was calculated at approximately forty million won.